Pepper

Pepper

By
From
Encyclopedia of Food and Cookery

The world’s most important spice, grown in tropical countries such as Indonesia and India. Highly aromatic and with a pungent biting flavour, pepper is used to season all types of savoury dishes based on meat, poultry, game, fish, eggs, cheese and vegetables. It can even enter into sweet recipes, as a spice rather than seasoning, for example in the German biscuits pfeffernüsse.

The most commonly available types of pepper are black or white, both of which may be found as peppercorns (whole dried berries) or as ground pepper. Like most spices, the flavour deteriorates after grinding, and pepper is best if freshly ground. Ideally, there should always be two pepper grinders in the kitchen, one for black pepper and one for white; ground white pepper should be used in pale-coloured dishes and sauces, where specks of black would spoil the appearance.

Black peppercorns are the dried berries of the pepper vine (Piper nigrum), picked while still green and not completely ripe; on drying, they become dark brown or black. They are more aromatic than white peppercorns.

White peppercorns are fully ripe berries, from which the outer hull is removed before drying. They are hotter than black peppercorns. Green peppercorns are the berries picked while still green, then preserved in brine. They are usually available in small tins or jars, and are soft enough to be ground or mashed to a paste. Their flavour is much milder than black or white peppercorns. Green peppercorns are often used with duck, and in pâtés or as an alternative to black peppercorns in Pepper Steak.

Pink or red peppercorns come from an entirely different plant, a tree native to South America and sometimes referred to as the Brazilian pepper tree. Recent research has shown that many people have allergic reactions to pink peppercorns, so their use should be approached with caution.

Ingredients

Quantity Ingredient
see method for ingredients

Method

Tags:
Back to top
    No results found
    No more results
      No results found
      No more results
        No results found
        No more results
          No results found
          No more results
            No results found
            No more results
              No results found
              No more results
              Please start typing to begin your search
              We're sorry but we had trouble running your search. Please try again